Chickens Management Publications
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Poultry Pest Management
Under Texas's Pesticide Law, certain pesticides are restricted and can be purchased and used only by pesticide applications and public operators who are licensed by Texas Department of Agriculture.
Proper Handling of Eggs: From Hen to Consumption
To insure egg quality in small flocks, egg producers must learn to properly handle the eggs they produce. This article will discuss how you can insure that your eggs will be of the highest quality and safe for consumption.
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Chickens Management
Manure Management, Odor and Diseases Control
Livestock producers are going through much criticism for creating pollution and diseases problems. In the mean time farmers having production problems (costly manure removal, energy consumption, medicine cost and most important barn is not save working place.) One of the long-standing and costly problems of handling manure has been the absence of simple, reliable, accurate and long-lasting system of manure collection and transportation out of the barn, Historically, several methods of manure handling were used in the industry assumed that manure would be held for some time in the barn. The Enterprise tendency to lager livestock production, with a concern for quality of food in efficient environment, requires a number of radical changes and development of new methods for proper and efficient manure management.
Broiler Care Practices
Animal care recommendations have evolved from years of scientific research and pratical experience. Poultry require constant care and attention. This care should be performed or supervised by an experienced person. Novices who wish to raise poultry should familiarize themselves with detailed information on proper care before chicks are obtained. This publication was designed to outline acceptable pratices of the care rearing of meat-type chickens (rock-cornish game hens, broilers, fryers, or roaters) and breeding stock.
Managing External Parasites of Texas Livestock and Poultry
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a system approach that combines a variety of livestock production pratices using both biological and chemical control methods. External and internal arthropod parasites of livestock and poultry are constant menace. These pests lower the quality of animal products (hides, hair, wool) by physical feeding damage; reduce meat, milk and egg production by sucking blood from animals; transmit diseases; and cause energy loss. Suggested pesticides will aid in control of the major parasites where insecticide resistance has not developed. A special section addresses the management of insecticide-resistant pests.
Management Requirements For Waterfowl
Best Breeds To Raise: The breed of waterfowl you raise depends on your reason for raising them. First, which is best to raise--ducks or geese? Ducks are small and require less space to raise. However, ducks require a grain supplement year round and are more prone to predators. Geese require twice as much space. However, geese do well on limited grain when they have plenty of area to graze and are seldom bothered by predators.
Transporting Poultry in a Humane Manner
During the summer and fall months, poultry owners are hauling poultry to fairs, markets and other gatherings. Unfortunately, very few people put much thought into how to best transport their fowl. As a result, birds don't show well, get sick or die in transit. These results can be avoided with a little planning and extra care. Consider the following factors before transporting fowl.
Pride in the Poultry Farm
Being proud of a farming enterprise is easy if the farm and related buildings are kept looking nice and orderly. Sometimes when farm buildings are built, there is not an overall plan that will take into account other buildings that may be constructed later. Also, efficiency of labor may not be a primary consideration at the time. If these items are overlooked, managing the farm and keeping everything orderly may be more difficult. Pride of ownership is important to the self-concept of each poultry farmer. Proper landscaping and regular maintenance of buildings and equipment make the farmstead look much better and make it easy for the owner to show pride in his farm.
Poultry Litter: Forage and Livestock Considerations
The commercial poultry industry has expanded greatly in eastern Oklahoma during the past 10 years. Based on experience of neighboring states with large poultry industries, there is an environmental concern about disposal of manure and litter from concentrated numbers of broiler houses.Typically, litter management has been accomplished by removal of the litter from the house once or twice yearly and spreading it for fertizer value on nearby pastures. Some litter has also been used by feeding to beef cattle. This pratice is receiving greater encouragement because of these environmental concerns.
Management Requirements for Laying Flocks
Best Breeds To Raise: Commercial White Leghorn-type hybrids produce white shelled eggs and are the most economical converters to feed to eggs. Commercial production Reds or Sex-linked hybrids will produce large brown shelled eggs and are usually preferred for small family flocks. Production Reds or sex-linked hybrids also produce meaty carcasses as well as a good supply of eggs. The brown egg laying hybrids tend to be more docile than white egg layer hybrids. Pure bred poultry will lay eggs, but they are not as efficient.
Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks
Best Breeds To Raise: Meat-type crosses (Rock-Cornish) or commercial hybrid broilers are the most efficient birds available. Purebred poultry most commonly raised for meat are Cornish, Plymouth Rocks and White Jersey Giants. Purebreds are less efficient and take up to 14 weeks to develop a desirable carcass. When considering birds for meat production, select birds with light colored plumage. Dark feathered birds are less desirable because of their dark pin feathers left after slaughtering.
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    Poultry Management Specifications
    These specifications are suggested based on normal, expected situations and the best available data. Although applicable to both commercial and home flocks, the variation in housing types, equipment, objectives and other factors may result in requirements that are different than those suggested herein.